What makes the world go round? The answer to this may no longer be love or money, but rather, artificial intelligence (IA). AI is everywhere, from the morning weather forecast to potential matches you slip on a dating site over lunch. If that is not enough, AI can now also write academic papers for you.
A recent experience by Eduref, a resource for students and educators, showed a deep learning language prediction model called Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT-3), created by private San Francisco startup OpenAI, can write essays.
For the uninitiated, GPT-3 can respond to any text entered into the computer with new text in perfect sync with the context. Type a phrase into the search box and you’ll be amazed to find a perfectly relevant answer. This means that GPT-3 can boost human effort in a wide variety of situations from customer service to conducting due diligence. In this case, this is your average writing assignment.
We have artificial intelligence planes, robot vacuums, chess machines… Why didn’t someone invent an AI writer ???
– S. (@ SilkySil7) July 12, 2011
The Eduref team “hired a panel of professors to create a writing invite, gave it to a group of recent graduates and undergraduate writers, and passed it on to GPT-3 and a asked the panel to rate anonymous submissions and complete a follow-up survey for reflections on the writers.The results showed that the computer program was able to achieve passing marks in all of the essays.
What is more striking is that while the average time taken by students to complete an essay was 3 days, GPT-3 completed the same task in 3 to 20 minutes.
However, the experiment does not address the ethical dilemma of AI assay composition. As science advances, it seems likely that technologies such as GPT-3 will increasingly become capable of producing high-quality research papers without a student having to lift a finger. This, of course, will be a major violation of ethics and cause major damage to academic honesty and integrity.
From history and research methods (effectiveness of the COVID vaccine) to creative writing and the law, the writing prompts have been given on a wide variety of topics. The program earned a “C” in four subjects, failing an assignment in creative writing.
This shows that GPT-3’s writing skills are mostly technical. Compared to the computer program, the other writers gained from A to B + with the examiners.
Overall, despite the somewhat technical nature of the writing, reviews suggested that GPT-3 was well capable of reproducing human writing in the areas of grammar, syntax, and semantics.
Despite a few pitfalls, experience has proven how natural language processing can be used to write almost anything, including a short story that has been nominated for a literary award: The day a computer writes a novel.