How to perfectly present an essay

Defending your essay is no less important than writing it. And even if you decide to ask for help writing your essay, you’ll still have to defend it yourself. If you make a nice impression on the committee members, you will get an “A” even for weak paper. Conversely, the most in-depth and innovative research is doomed to failure if the results are not presented successfully. In this article, you will learn how to protect your course work and leave the exam room with an “A” grade.

What you need to present your essay

In defense of the essay, you need to start preparing for at least a week. Write the text of the speech, rehearse your performance in front of a mirror, ask which teachers will sit on the committee.

You are ready to present your work if you have the following:

  • admission of supervisor;
  • the dissertation itself, designed in accordance with the requirements of the university;
  • report;
  • a presentation.

By the way, if the deadlines have run out, we want to remind you that you can order a personalized writing specialists even in part it will be much cheaper than all the work, so the help is enormous when the time is almost running out. Smart students come to the presentation in professional-style clothes and look neat. Bright makeup and an abundance of props on the exam are inappropriate.

Preparing a speech for an essay presentation

Many students (especially freshmen) mistakenly believe that the defense of a semester project is a story. They copy large passages of text and paste them into the report, then read them aloud. The members of the commission do not listen to the tedious monologue, but interrupt the students, ask them to get closer to the essential or bog them down with questions. Below, you’ll learn how to properly write an essay defense speech.

Structure of the report

Before defending an essay, you must write a report. It is a statement of the objectives, methods and conclusions of the study in general terms. The structure of the report consists of the following parts:

Here you have to explain why you have decided to write your essay on the chosen topic. For example, the question is poorly covered by other scientists, or the introduction of a new product (approach, technology) will increase the efficiency of the economy.

The subject is exactly what you have been studying. The object is the basis of what. For example, you wrote an essay on “Sources of Law”. The subject will be the external forms of expression of legal norms. And the object – the normative legal acts, because that is what you relied on to seek sources and formulate conclusions.

In this part, it should be noted which scientists were engaged in the study of the topic presented to you. And also indicate whether the results obtained have been implemented in practice.

The objective answers the question of why you did the research. And the goals are the means to achieve them. They usually duplicate the sections and subsections of the essay.

For example, the above work aims to analyze the views on the content of the concept of sources of law and to formulate the most comprehensive classification. One of the tasks is to reveal the content of the term in the material, legal and ideal sense.

Any research subject is based on empirical and theoretical bases. Write down in your report the methods you used (eg, systems analysis, observation, modeling) and list the main sources (books, scholarly articles, statistics, legislation). Although in practice, the members of the commission sometimes ask you to skip this stage of the defense.

  • Research findings and conclusion

The last, but the main one. The defense brief should include 70-80% of the conclusions. Briefly and clearly list the theses that are formulated in the essay. Take them from the end of the chapters and the conclusion.

Presentation plan

How is the defense of the courses going? By its procedure, it is akin to a scientific and practical conference. If you have never attended such an event before, try to present your essay according to the following outline:


You should begin your defense with a polite greeting to the members of the committee. Introduce yourself, name your supervisor and the subject of your research. Then deliver the theoretical part of the prepared speech (paragraphs 1 to 5 of the previous section of the document). Try to keep it at 2 minutes.

Main part

Start expressing brief conclusions for each chapter. Explain the main terms. Pay particular attention to data that you have collected yourself (for example, survey results, mathematical calculations) and proposals presenting a scientific novelty.


Your essay defense speech should end with an explanation of your personal contribution to the topic and an indication of prospects for further research. At the end, thank the committee members for their attention and offer to ask yourself some questions for clarification.

Practical guidelines for an excellent essay presentation

Writing a speech for the committee is not enough. You must feel like a fish in the water defending it. To gain confidence and pass your essay with high marks, you can use the following techniques:

  • Rehearsal in front of a mirror with a stopwatch. Until the words start to come out of your mouth. The speech to defend the course must be learned by heart. The reading of a sheet forms among the members of the commission the idea that the student does not understand the subject and has just bought the work.
  • Analysis of possible questions. Pay attention to the most controversial points of the course. There is a 90% chance that they will be asked questions. Especially if one of the members of the committee has already studied the same subject. Prepare your answers in advance.
  • Observe successful students. Watch a sample of speeches from successful students. How do they usually react in seminars and exams? You can learn useful techniques from excellent students.

If you have written the essay yourself, or at least carefully read the text several times, the defense will not be difficult. Even if you are not going to write it yourself, but are looking for how much the dissertation costs, we still recommend that you prepare for the defense yourself. A good approach to preparation is already 70% successful. The rest depends on the psychological mood of the day of protection and luck. We wish you good teachers and excellent graduates.

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